How to identify wool raw materials

[毛毛网] 1. Sheep wool

The most commonly used sweaters, woolen cloth, felts, etc. are mainly sheep wool that is densely populated in sheep. In the weaving industry, because of the largest amount of sheep wool, "wool" has become the abbreviation for sheep wool.

The countries with more sheep wool production in the world are Australia, CIS, New Zealand, Argentina and China. The count and number of wool are the basis for assessing wool grade and quality. The higher the count, the better the quality, the higher the grade, the worse the quality.

The "Australian hairs" that have always been admired by sheep's hair belong to the merino sheep, which are produced in Australia and hence the name. Its fine and long hair is the best quality of wool sheep. Others such as New Zealand, South America, European countries, Southern Alps, etc. are raised and have a good reputation in the world.

Selangor is also a common species. Selangor was originally called Shetland wool and was named after the Shetland Islands in Scotland. Because Selangor has fluff as the main body and contains a lot of coarse hair and bristles, this natural coarse and fine mixture has formed the characteristics of the full and fluffy, soft and not delicate, and the gloss and elasticity are good. Has a rough style. However, due to the low production of Selangor, the supply is in short supply. The so-called "Snowland sweaters" sold on the market are mostly made of New Zealand's semi-fine wool. Some of them are called "Snow Lan Mao" sweaters. The selling price is less than 100 yuan or even only tens of yuan. In fact, it is a product like the imitation of the Selangor style. Some "Snow Orchid" is made of a variety of wool. Only thick wool can be made and the price is cheaper.

There is also a lamb hair that is cheap and popular with consumers. It is actually a lamb's hair. It has a thicker feel and is made into a wool thread.

Second, mountain wool

Mountain wool refers to the coarse and dead hair cut from the mountain wool. Generally, the fine hair of the mountain wool is very short, it can't be spun, the rough hair can only be made into a brush, the brush and the like, except for the mohair. Mohair is Angora wool, produced in Turkey's Angola province, North America and South Asia. It is a kind of high-quality wool fiber with smooth surface, little curl, long and thick, silky soft and strong luster, excellent back. Elasticity, abrasion resistance and high strength are ideal materials for weaving jacquard blankets, plush, sleek coats, artificial fur and other high-grade fabrics. A thick, needle-knitted mohair sweater with soft, silky fibers forms a noble, lively and rugged clothing style that is loved by people. The Zhongweishan wool in the northwest of China also belongs to the mohair. However, in the market, some people have called the fluffy-style acrylic bulked yarn "mohair" for sale, which is misunderstood. Such acrylic bulked yarn can only be called "imitation mohair" at best.

Third, alpaca

Alpaca comes from an animal called "Alpaca" (also known as "Albaka"), which grows mainly in the Peruvian Andes. The Andes are 4,500 meters above sea level, with large temperature difference between day and night, -20~-18°C at night, and 15~18°C during the day. The sun is strong, the atmosphere is thin, and the wind is cold. Alpacas that live in such a harsh environment are of course able to withstand extreme temperature changes. Alpaca not only moisturizes, but also effectively resists solar radiation. Alpaca fibers contain a medullary cavity visible under the microscope, so its warmth is better than wool, cashmere and mohair.

In addition, alpaca fiber has more than 17 kinds of natural color: from white to black, and a series of different shades of brown, gray, is the most abundant fiber in the special animal fiber. The "Albaka" we see on the market refers to alpaca; and "Su Li" is one of alpaca and refers to adult alpaca, with long fibers and beautiful colors; often said The "beibei" is an alpaca cub, and the relative fibers are finer and softer. The alpaca hair feels slippery and keeps warm.

Fourth, mohair

Mohair refers to Angora wool, which is mainly produced in South Africa. It is characterized by thicker fibers, less curl and good gloss. The mohair fabric feels smooth and has a glossy finish. Mohair and alpaca fabrics are as short and smooth

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